Tag Archives: epigenome

Tip of the Week: Human Epigenomics Visualization Hub

More and more we are seeing questions about ways to access Epigenomics data in the workshops we do. This often comes up in the workshop we do that focuses on the ENCODE data, because ENCODE is providing several epigenomics data sets that researchers are interested in. [The workshop we do is based on the materials you can find from the UCSC-sponsored freely available ENCODE tutorial.] But there are other browsers and data collections, and researchers want to be sure they are finding as much as possible.

Beside the data that is flowing into the UCSC Genome Browser ENCODE portal, we’ve talked in the past about the NCBI Epigenomics resource, including this tip.  We have also explored DAnCER in the past as a tip-of-the-week.

I’m still recovering from my vacation this week, so I’m going to point you to a very nice SciVee example I found on another resource, the Human Epigenomics Visualization Hub from WashU, which can be accessed at this link: http://vizhub.wustl.edu/ It’s longer than our usual tips–about 20 minutes. But if you want to begin to explore the data available on that browser, it’s worth your time.

Based on a UCSC Genome Browser framework, this resource focuses on epigenomics data. Familiarity with basic vocabulary and functional features of the UCSC Genome Browser is something I’d recommend. Check out our freely-available UCSC sponsored tutorials for this which cover features of tracks and displays, including things like bigWig, Sessions, etc.

The project is associated with the Roadmap Epigenomics Project, which you can explore in detail at the project site, and learn more about in the reference below.

In case the embed isn’t working, here is the link to the SciVee page: http://www.scivee.tv/node/31122

Quick link to Vizhub: http://vizhub.wustl.edu/

Follow them on Twitter for news and announcements: @WashUGBrowser

Bernstein, B., Stamatoyannopoulos, J., Costello, J., Ren, B., Milosavljevic, A., Meissner, A., Kellis, M., Marra, M., Beaudet, A., Ecker, J., Farnham, P., Hirst, M., Lander, E., Mikkelsen, T., & Thomson, J. (2010). The NIH Roadmap Epigenomics Mapping Consortium Nature Biotechnology, 28 (10), 1045-1048 DOI: 10.1038/nbt1010-1045

Tip of the Week: NCBI Epigenomics “Beyond the Genome”

We spend a lot of time talking about sequence data: where to find it, how to analyze it, etc. But increasingly we are seeing more and more data that comes from epigenomics projects. Recently a tweet from NCBI got me to look at their Epigenetics site again.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/epigenomics

Their definition of epigenetics is:

What is Epigenetics?

Interest in epigenetics has exploded in recent years, but the central question it aims to answer has been with us for decades: how do the many cell types of the body maintain drastically different gene expression patterns while sharing exactly the same DNA?

Epigenetics refers to a gene activity state that may be stable over long periods of time, persist through many cell divisions, or even be inherited through several generations, all without any change to the primary DNA sequence (Roloff and Nuber 2005, Ng and Gurdon 2008, Probst, et al. 2009).

This is a nice site that offers a lot of helpful background, project information about the NIH Roadmap for Epigenomics, and then of course access to the data itself.  They have separate guidance on the types of data that you will find in here: About DNA Methylation, About Histone Modification, and About Chromatin Structure. So if you are ready to go “Beyond the Genome” as their tag line indicates, you can learn about the data types and find the data too.

This tip of the week will take a look at access to the data. I’ll be taking a look at what happens when you use the Sample Browser as a starting point to see some of the data via browsing. You can do more complex and custom queries with the Advanced Query form, which looks like other query building tools at NCBI. I won’t have time to cover that, but I wanted you to know it was available.

For my example I just chose the top sample that was in the list at the time I did this tip. And it was fortuitous for a couple of reasons.  First it was exactly the kind of paper that I was talking about in my recent post (The data isn’t in the papers anymore, you know.) This paper (referenced below) has a huge volume of data. It looks at 39 types of histone modifications, and looks at them genome wide.  There’s no way to publish all that as figures in this paper.  There are summary figures, but not individual ones for that data collection. You’d have to visualize this yourself elsewhere.  The second reason it was cool was because the data perfectly validates some of the data I’ve been using to develop the ENCODE project tutorial we’ve just created with the UCSC ENCODE team.

Anyway–check out the NCBI Epigenomics resource for a great way to visualize data on this topic. Data that you will not find in the papers.

Quick links:

NCBI Epigenomics (the tip site): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/epigenomics

Roadmap: http://www.roadmapepigenomics.org/

Epigenome Browser: http://www.epigenomebrowser.org/

ENCODE: http://encodeproject.org/

By the way: I also asked the hive mind at BioStar what tools they are using for epigenomics or epigenetics, and you can go and see that question over there. People told me about the Epigenome Atlas and EPIGRAPH. And as I was researching this tip I came across a Roadmap Epigenomics site, that offers a link to a browser. It’s a UCSC Genome Browser framework focused on this kind of data: Epigenome Browser–but that’s a different installation than the main UCSC Genome Browser that I illustrate from this tip.

Reference for data used and shown in the tip:

Wang, Z., Zang, C., Rosenfeld, J., Schones, D., Barski, A., Cuddapah, S., Cui, K., Roh, T., Peng, W., Zhang, M., & Zhao, K. (2008). Combinatorial patterns of histone acetylations and methylations in the human genome Nature Genetics, 40 (7), 897-903 DOI: 10.1038/ng.154

Currently there’s isn’t a reference for NCBI Epigenomics. I contacted the Help Desk to be sure, and they told me it’s been submitted but isn’t out yet. I’ll update this when that reference becomes available.

Friday SNPpets

Welcome to our Friday feature link dump: SNPpets. During the week we come across a lot of links and reads that we think are interesting, but don’t make it to a blog post. Here they are for your enjoyment…

Heads Up, More Data, Epigenome

As this Nature editorial says, the as the human genome (and a few hundred others) were completed, the amount of data had become daunting (we know that well here at OpenHelix, we deal with it everyday and daily make that more accessible to scientists through training :). But also, importantly, even with all the data, it’s been found that we need more. As the editorial states:

By 2004, large-scale genome projects were already indicating that genome sequences, within and across species, were too similar to be able to explain the diversity of life. It was instead clear that epigenetics — those changes to gene expression caused by chemical modification of DNA and its associated proteins — could explain much about how these similar genetic codes are expressed uniquely in different cells, in different environmental conditions and at different times.

Thus is born the Human Epigenome Consortium (Nature paper, subscription required, here). You can find some of the data from the pilot projec at the Sanger Institute site.

The beginning stages, but I believe it will prove to be quite a treasure trove of data (as if we don’t have a huge unmined dataset now). It was this last comment in the editorial:

.., given that epigenetic coding will be orders of magnitude more complex than genetic coding, its requirement for data crunching may be similar…

Get ready for a lot more resources and tools of greater complexity :).